Basic Violet Growing Requirments
African violets prefer bright indirect sunlight. Placing these plants three feet from the window provides the light they need to thrive. Although nearly any window will do, a northern window typically does not provide the light intensity they need to bloom. African Violets also thrive under artificial light and most show growers prefer fluorescent lights.
Special soiless mixes to grow your African violet can be purchased at your local home improvement center or hardware store, but you can mix your own too. According to Clemson University, African violets thrive in a mixture of equal parts peat moss, perlite and potting soil. Violets should be repotted at least once a year at minimum to keep them healty and bloomimg.
Water your African violet whenever the soil feels dry. It should always be moist enough that you can pinch the soil and it will stay together when you let go. Use room temperature water when you water an African violet, do not use cold water.
African violet fertilizer can be purchased from most garden and home improvement centers. It is recommended to mix your favorite African Violet fertilizer ¼ strength and fertilize every time you water. Fertilizer weekly – weakly!
African violets are sensitive to both high and low temperatures. African Violets prefer nighttime temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit and daytime temperatures below 85 degrees.
Leaf starter mix:
2 parts Vermiculite
1 part Perlite
1 part charcoal